Haj Mir Hasan Bathhouse a journey through an ancient bath
Also known as
- Garmabeh Haj Mir Hassan
Geographical location of Haj Mir Hasan Bathhouse
It is located in Dimaj Alley, Molavi Street, Qazvin, Qazvin Province, Iran.
History and culture of Haj Mir Hasan Bathhouse
This bathhouse was built by Haj Mir Hasan himself in, Qajar period, the late 1700s. according to available documents Haj Mir Hasan Bathhouse is the oldest Qajar bathhouse that has survived from street expansion and construction in the Pahlavi dynasty. Before the construction Molavi Street was an extensive riverbed. This complex contains bathrooms, waterhouse, caravanserais, and mansions which had a vital role in the neighborhood development. It was rebuilt and registered as a national heritage on August 2, 2005. Since then it has been used as a historical museum.
Mir Hasan, son of Mir Hadi and grandson of Mirshah Taleghani, was a great known religious man. however, after Afghan take over he was forced to run away from the city to Taleghan. Not a long time after, his children return to Qazvin and gained their rights.
Architecture of Haj Mir Hasan Bathhouse
It was built in 850 square meters and has all the main elements that the old, ritual, Persian baths had. Persian bathrooms were made very cleverly and had a variety of spaces fitting perfectly with its functions. They built the bathrooms with convoluted corridors between corridors and the entrance of the bathroom to adjust temperature differences between outside and inside. This feature prevents people from getting sick especially in winter cold weather. The controlling system of the bathhouse was in a way that the heat and moisture entered from the Entrance vestibule and changing room (semi-hot and semi-humid) to the hall and bathhouse (hot and humid) and finally would reach to its maximum level in Khazineh (very hot and humid). Therefore, these spaces were independent and they were only connected through indirect tunnels or vestibules. On the other hand, this place was built deep in the ground which makes it an earthquake-resistant construction. And lack of light was well answered by convex glasses called ‘Jam Khaneh’ which were installed at the top of the dome.
Some of the main shared elements in Persian bathhouses include: portal, vestibule, Sarbina, Mian dar (the space between Sarbina and hot-house), hothouse, and reservoir(s) in the hothouse. Other spaces and rooms contain a small bath, Chal howz (pool), toilets, and Nooreh keshkhaneh (shaving room).
Tips and ideas
Qazvin’s Grand Bazaar’s main gate is in the same street, so you can easily get to the bazaar and watch or buy various birds. Also if you are interested in blacksmith crafts, don’t miss the opportunity to walk a bit around. You are just a fifteen-minute walk away from Amini’s house, just go south and you will get to see the most wonderful house in your life ever. It’s special architecture and colorful windows have made it a great spot for fine-art photography. Then go north and make a right turn at the intersection, there you can find the biggest indoor caravanserai in the country. Don’t forget to buy some traditional handicrafts as souvenirs for your loved ones.
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